Australia – A Resource Economy in Need of a New Direction?


Australia has avoided the stagnant economic growth familiar across advanced economies, chiefly due to its mining sector – which has been a beneficiary of Chinese economic growth. Its economy grew by 10.4% in real terms between 2008 and 2012, compared to 1.6% in the G7. Australia has vast amounts of natural resources but the industry is hampered by high costs – including the Mineral Resource Rent Tax (MRRT). The outlook is for slower growth, both in the mining sector and the economy as a whole.