In 2030 there will be nine emerging market economies with GDP over US$1 trillion, up from five in 2014. Ranging from China on US$23,196 billion to Saudi Arabia on US$1,213 billion. The four newcomers will be: Indonesia, Turkey, Nigeria and Saudi Arabia. Between them they will account for more than two-thirds of emerging and developing market GDP. These nine economies are characterised by their differences with huge variations in population and living standards.