中国经济最新报道

2011年10月,中国通货膨胀率回落为5.5%, 2011年9月的通货膨胀率为6.1%。虽然全年通胀仍高于央行设定的2011年4.0%的目标,有望缓解全球商品价格下降,中央银行的紧缩货币政策,以及基准年的效果等因素。这可能给央行更多的回旋货币政策的余地,在全球经济大环境不明朗的情况下,支持中国的经济增长。

2011年10月中国的贸易账户盈余比去年同期缩水37.3%,达到170亿美元,主要是由于进口激增的结果。从中期来看,在主要市场,如欧洲联盟(欧盟)和美国的需求不明显,人民币升值和中国政府政策支持进口需求等因素,会对中国的贸易账户产生不利影响。

政府通过财产限制投机交易,并减少资产泡沫风险,从2011年10月开始,中国房地产市场继续呈现减速的迹象。在同一个月,由于受到短期银行贷款持续增长的刺激,零售业销售额年增长率增加。

2011年10月中国的出口额达到1570亿美元,相比2011年9月的1700亿美元有所下降。10份期间,与上一年同期相比,出口总额增长了15.8%。2011年9月与上一年同期相比,出口总额增长了17%。出口的年均增长率为连续第二个月回落,达到2011年2月以来的最低水平,因为中国的最大出口市场–欧盟和美国市场需求不振。

2011年10月,中国的进口总额为1400亿美元。同一个月,在全球大宗商品价格下降、人民币升值等因素的支持下。年进口增长率从2011年9月的21.1%增加到29.1%,进口激增的结果,中国的贸易账户盈余减少37.3%,相比2011年9月的145亿美元,于2011年10月达到170亿美元。从中期来看,根据欧盟和美国经济增长放缓,人民币的逐渐加强,以及中国政府鼓励进口的政策,中国的贸易盈余将有所减少。

Chart 1 China’s Trade Balance and Annual Growth in Imports and Exports: October 2010 – October 2011

US$ billion; annual % change 

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2011年10月,外国直接投资(FDI)流入到中国为83亿美元。在2011年10月,进入中国的外国直接投资流入量依然强劲,较上年同期增加15.9%。

2011年1月至10月间,进入中国的外国直接投资流入量总额为950亿美元,主要来自亚洲国家的投资带动。虽然进入中国的外国直接投资流入继续保持强劲,越来越不明朗的全球经济前景可能会影响全球外国直接进入中国的投资。

Chart 2 Number of FDI Contracts Signed and Total FDI Inflows in China:  October 2010 – October 2011

Number of contracts/ US$ billion

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Latest reports of the Chinese economy

In October 2011, China’s inflation rate dropped to 5.5 percent inflation rate was 6.1 percent in September 2011. Although annual inflation is still above the central bank target of 4.0 percent in 2011, is expected to ease the global decline in commodity prices, the central bank to tighten monetary policy, as well as the effect of the base year and other factors. This may give the room of the Central Bank more maneuver of monetary policy and support China’s economic growth in the global economic environment is uncertain circumstances.

October 2011, China’s trade account surplus shrank 37.3 percent over the same period last year, reaching $ 17 billion, mainly as a result of the surge in imports. In the medium term, the major markets, such as the European Union (EU) and U.S. demand is not obvious, RMB appreciation and the Chinese government policy to support demand for imports and other factors, will be China’s trade account is a negative impact.

Government, through the property to limit speculative trading, and reduce the risk of asset bubbles, since October 2011, Chinese real estate market continued to show signs of slowing down. In the same month, due to the stimulation of short-term bank loans continued to rise, the increase in retail sales annual growth rate.

In October 2011, China’s exports reached $ 157 billion, compared to $ 170 billion in September 2011 declined. 10 copies, compared with the same period last year, total exports grew 15.8 percent. Compared to September 2011 with the same period last year, total exports grew by 17%. The average annual growth rate of exports for the consecutive second month dropped to its lowest level since February 2011, China’s largest export market – weak market demand in the European Union and the United States.

In October 2011, China’s imports totaled $ 140 billion. The same month, the decline in global commodity prices under the support of the appreciation of the renminbi and other factors. Annual import growth rate increased from 21.1% in September 2011 to 29.1 percent, the results of the surge in imports, China’s trade account surplus decreased by 37.3%, compared to $ 14.5 billion in September 2011 to October 2011 reached 17 billion dollars. The medium term, according to the EU and the U.S. economic slowdown, the yuan’s gradual strengthening, as well as Chinese government policies to encourage imports, China’s trade surplus would be reduced.