In October 2013, the Federal Government of Nigeria announced its National Automotive Industry Development Plan (NAIDP). In order to stimulate investment in local vehicle production and thereby bolster Nigeria’s economy instead of revenues heading abroad, a core component of the plan is an increase in import duties for passenger cars from 20% to 70% (35% duty and 35% levy) and to 35% for commercial vehicles. However, the duty applied to vehicles which are assembled locally is set at 10% for SKD (semi-knockdown) Part 2 kits, 5% for SKD Part 1 kits and 0% for CKD (complete knock-down) kits. Also, manufacturers that assemble vehicles locally can import up to twice as many FBU (fully built units) as they do kits at the reduced import duty rate of 35% for passenger cars and 20% for commercial vehicles.
The plan was fully implemented on July 1 and, not surprisingly, new car sales soared as consumers took advantage of the lower duty rates while they still could. The Executive Director of the Nigerian Automobile Manufacturers Association (NAMA), Mr Arthur Madueke, was quoted on July 8 on This Day Live that “between January and December 2013, about 52,000 new vehicles were imported, while by May this year, 37,000 cars have been imported.” With CBU imported vehicles paying the old rate of duty until the end of June, sales are likely to have boomed in the month and a 30% growth rate for the first half of 2014 is therefore not out of the question.