Euromonitor International’s latest research on the global luxury
goods market indicates another solid year’s performance in store for 2012,
despite persistent economic turbulence, mounting troubles in the Eurozone and
on-going political instability in several emerging markets.
Driven mainly by strength in emerging economies, overall retail
growth in 2012 is set to be stronger than in 2011, with luxury goods sales
expected to exceed US$302 billion worldwide. Click to Tweet! This represents a year-on-year
real value gain of over 4% on 2011.
Thanks to growing demand amongst the burgeoning middles classes of
China, Russia, Brazil and India, in 2012, luxury consumers around the world indulged US$5.8 billion a week on luxury goods. Click to Tweet! That was 4% more than in 2011
and almost 22% more than in 2007.
Developed countries remain by far the largest spenders on personal
luxury. The four biggest luxury goods markets – the US, Japan, Italy and France
– together account for almost half of value sales in 2012. Click to Tweet! Therefore, whilst
the emerging markets are throwing invaluable lifelines of growth to the luxury
goods industry at a time of sluggish Western demand, the future behaviour of
consumers in established linchpin luxury goods markets will continue to have a
significant impact on the global luxury landscape.
Developed markets rein in
In 2012 demand for luxury goods has been lacklustre in the developed
markets of North America, Western Europe and Japan as jittery middle class
consumers reined in discretionary spending in the face of rising inflation and
mounting insecurity over jobs and pensions.
Nevertheless, the US remains the world’s largest luxury goods
market, accounting for over a quarter of the overall value sales of luxury
goods in 2012. Click to Tweet!
Although ranked second after the US, the Japanese market for luxury
goods, valued at US$32 billion in 2012, is by far the worst-performing market. Click to Tweet! Luxury goods in Japan declined by 11% in current terms over the five years to
2012. This equates to a massive US$4 billion reduction on 2007 levels.
The UK luxury goods industry is also under fierce pressure, as
inflation climbs and wages freeze. The middle class, in particular, has become
squeezed, and is trading down rather than up. Whilst Harrods tops best
performing retailer, sales are underpinned by wealthy Chinese and Russian
tourists. This implies further opportunity for so-called “affordable luxury”
which, since 2008, has provided important ballast to growth in the UK and other
cash-strapped developed markets.
The BRICs offset a
lacklustre performance in developed markets
With a combined retail value of over US$33 billion in 2012 the BRICs
now account for 11% of total luxury sales, up from just 4% in 2004. Click to Tweet! However by
2017 this figure is set to increase further by 78% in real value terms to reach
US$59 billion, representing almost 16% of the global luxury goods market. Click to Tweet!
Benefiting from a fast-growing middle class and a fast-developing
luxury distribution network, sales of luxury goods in China have consistently
outperformed the global market. With a projected constant value growth of 99%,
China is set to overtake France, the UK, Italy and Japan by 2017, making China
the second biggest luxury market in the world after the US. Click to Tweet!
Whilst China is spearheading the BRIC growth surge and whetting the
emerging market appetite of the world’s leading luxury goods companies, India
is by far the fastest growing market and predicted to grow by a massive 163% in
constant value terms between 2012 and 2017, to reach a value of US$7 billion. Click to Tweet!
Despite accounting for just over 1% of the global luxury market,
Brazil is set to become a key future consumption hub and the target of
investment interest by many of the world's leading luxury goods brands.
Shopping mall developments are also generating major interest among global
luxury goods retailers, with upwards of 100 new malls on course to open by
The significant number of very rich people, combined with the
Byzantine culture of flamboyancy, has made Russia a perfect target for luxury
products. Luxury alcohol – fine wines/champagne and spirits – is a big business
in the country, with value sales forecast to grow at a CAGR of 6% over
2012-2017, despite increasing state involvement in alcohol sales and
Luxury jewellery and
timepieces: Opportunity to leverage 'hard' value
Over the next five years, designer apparel – the largest luxury
goods category by value in 2012 – is forecast to remain the world’s largest,
accounting for 42% of total luxury revenue in 2017. Click to Tweet!
However, fortunes of global luxury goods will rest mainly on the
performance of industry’s fastest growth category – luxury jewellery and
timepieces. This category is projected to grow by more than 38% over the next
five years to reach a projected real value of US$76 billion. With prices of
precious metals pushing average unit prices to new highs, luxury jewellery and
timepieces will account for more than 20% of global expenditure on luxury goods
by 2017. Click to Tweet!
Notably, Asia Pacific will account for almost 38% of value sales in
luxury jewellery and timepieces, growing by an impressive 207% over the
2012-2017 period. This steep trajectory will predominantly be led by the
emerging economies of China and India.
Luxury jewellery and timepieces is also on course for a radical
shake-up, as leading luxury brands of soft luxury goods, such as Louis Vuitton,
diversify into hard luxury to capitalise on growth opportunities.
Unlike hard luxury items, such as luxury timepieces and high-end
jewellery, often seen by consumers as investment that typically retains (or
gains) value over time and in effect are regarded as a safe haven for luxury
goods, products in other categories are not immune to economic problems.
Therefore, the prospect of a protracted period of economic instability in
Western Europe is leading to strong investments in affordable luxury.
Affordable luxury is primarily visible in designer apparel and
luxury accessories, which had a combined value share of over 56% of total
luxury goods sales in 2012.
Luxury goods positioned at accessible price points are a key
industry battleground, and increasingly the core revenue drivers of some of the
fastest growing luxury goods brands.